5-core cable

Meaning: 5-core cable

What is a 5-core cable?

What exactly is 5-core cable? And what is a core? Very simply, a conductor is a copper wire protected by an insulation layer. The layer often consists of the materials: PVC, PE, Plastic or Rubber. This protective layer can be stripped so that the wire becomes visible. For stripping a cable you can use a cable stripper the wire can consist of the materials: Silver, Gold, Copper or Aluminium.

5-core cable

The wires of a 5-core cable

If you look at a (5 core) cable, they almost always consist of several cores and a sheath that holds these cores together. You don't just have 5 core cables but also cables with 3 cores or 8 cores. The core of the cable is the wire that is connected to the connector on, for example, a 5-pin plug. The core consists of a conductor (made of copper) that conducts electricity well. The wire therefore has a low resistance. Different colours are used to clearly indicate the type of function the wire has. Please note that all suppliers use different colours. Therefore it is good to read the manual of the lamp. Another reason for using these casings is to prevent the wires (cores) from making contact with the other wires. If a conductor consists of several (copper) wires, it is called a stranded wire.

Why copper?

The price of copper varies over time and can therefore be called variable, comparable to raw materials such as gold and oil. However, the beauty of copper is that it is an ideal conductive and flexible material. A lot better than steel or aluminium can. It is a material with a soft texture and is therefore easy to process. This flexibility makes the raw material very suitable for, for example, 5-core cables that are subjected to large mechanical loads while the cable route is in motion. These specifications have made copper the standard material for all cables.

Does temperature also influence conductivity?

Yes, the temperature also affects the conductivity, not only with 5 core cables but with all cables! As the temperature rises, the atoms and electrons gain energy from this. This causes the conductive material to expand. Most metals are better conductors when they are cool. Even at extremely low temperatures, some conductors become superconductors. So conductivity can change the temperature of the material. Electrons therefore flow through conductors without affecting the atoms. Moving electrons experience resistance during the process. This allows an electric current to flow to heat the conducting material.

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